Visual Summary of “Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary”

The following is a description of the text contained by the visual summary.

PLURIVERSE: A POST-DEVELOPMENT DICTIONARY

Book by: A. Kothari, A. Salleh, A. Escobar, F. Demaria, A. Acosta
(Summary by: @joycming )

DEVELOPMENT

  1. Chronopolitically: all nations advance in the same direction
  2. Geopolitically: “leaders” of this path (developed countries) show straggling countries which way to go
  3. Sociopolitically: measure “development” thru economic performance (GDP)
  4. Actors mainly experts of governments, multinational banks, corps.

(GLOBALIZATION = development without nation states)

MODERNITY: individualism, private property, free markets, political liberalism, secularism, representative democracy, universalism

ANTHROPOCENTRISM: belief that the Earth was created for humans, leading to divisions and devastation of nature and exploitation of sex-gender, racial, civilizational differences

NARRATIVES FOR THE FUTURE

FORTRESS (image of a castle): neonationalism revives the glorious past of an imagined peoples; leading to defending material goods from poor or foreign

GLOBALISM (image of a globe): deregulated, free trade will bring wealth and well-being to corporations and consumers globally

SOLIDARITY (image of two hands holding): resistance against the powerful and capitalist pursuit of profit allow human rights and ecological principles to be valued

PLURIVERSE

A world where many worlds fit and all people’s worlds coexist with dignity & peace without being subject to diminishment, exploitation, misery.

POLITICS OF CARE: learning from those who have been “othered” (women, children, animals) can help us understand how we are all related and see race, sex-gender, species inside an eco-centric frame

COMMONING: autonomous decision-making, face-to-face and economic exchange directed at meeting basic needs through self-reliance (participation, collaboration, respect and mutual acceptance, horizontality)

SOME VALUES & EXAMPLES OF PLURIVERSE

(Image of a hand from which leaves and water are coming from)

  • JUSTICE & EQUITY
    Human Rights: preservation and upholding people’s dignity, putting the needs of the most vulnerable first
  • RIGHTS & RESPONSIBILITIES
    Nature Rights:
    all aspects of nature are legal subjects w/ inherent rights (Earth jurisprudence)

(Image of three interlinked puzzle pieces)

  • DIVERSITY & PLURIVERSALITY
    Convivialism: (1) common humanity: respect for differences (2) common sociality: wealth of social ties (3) legitimate individuation: self-actualization (4) peaceable and constructive opposition
  • COMMONS & COLLECTIVE
    Commons as more than (1) shared resources but also including (2) governing community (3) praxis of “commoning,” reproduces lives in common and their common wealth
  • AUTONOMY & SELF-RELIANCE
    Food (healthy and culturally appropriate food produced from ecologically sound, self-defined systems) or Energy (just generation and distribution and control of energy sources) Sovereignty

(Image of a gift box intertwined with flowers)

  • ONENESS WITH & RIGHTS WITH NATURE
    Earth Spirituality: Belief system that embraces the sentience, sacredness, conscious agency of nature and its non-human beings
  • SOLIDARITY & RECIPROCITY
    Gift Economy: principle that (im)material goods & services are given/received without immediate or future obligation to return
  • ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY
    Eco-Positive Design: Buildings can contribute to sustainability if they give more benefits than no bldg at all
  • SIMPLICITY & ENOUGHNESS
    Buddhism & Wisdom-Based Compassion: The ultimate source of happiness is within us

(Image of a dove holding an olive branch)

  • INTERDEPENDENCE
    Ecofeminism: Because subjugation of women is linked with domination of nature, human emancipation fro historically patriarchal attitudes can’t be achieved without liberation of all “othered” beings
  • NONVIOLENCE & PEACE
    Pacifism: Because capitalism is linked with global violence, Degrowth is a necessary condition for peace, even if it is not sufficient
  • INCLUSIVENESS & DIGNITY
    Agaciro = dignity, self-respect. See themselves as agents, not just recipients of beneficiaries
  • DIGNITY OF LABOR
    Worker-Led Production & Wages For Housework are examples of equity/liberation

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Joy M.

Joy M.

Wants to change the world using technology. Loves both exploring new places and curling up with a good book and a cup of tea.